FUNERAL RITES- Namaaz e Janaazah
The “Arkaan”, Waajibaat” of funeral prayer…
There are two “Rukn,Arkaan” (obligatory acts) in Salaatul Janaazah i. to say “Allaah-o-Akbar” four times and to offer it standing and three are Sunnat-e-Muakkadaah i.e. to glorify Allaah [Ta’aalaa], invoke Almighty Allaah’s blessings on the Holy Prophet [Sallal Laahu Alaieh Wa Sallam] and make “Du’aa” for the dead.
The conditions for Salaatul Janaazah?
There are two kinds of conditions, requisites for holding funeral prayer -concerning Prayer,worship and
Concerning the dead body.
Requisites for “Prayers” are exactly the same as those of other prayers and as for the dead body there are certain conditions i.e. (1). The dead must be Muslim,(2). body and shroud should be clean,(3). dead body should be present.
Hence, there is no Salaatul Janaazah for an absentee dead. The funeral prayer of Najaashi (Negus) the king of Abyssinia offered by the Holy Prophet [Peace be upon him] without the bier being in front was one of his (Prophet’s) exclusive privileges.
Doing so is not lawful for others,(4). the dead body should either be on the land or in hands but be near to the Imaam, (5).
Bier should be placed in front of the prayer-carpet,cloth facing the Qiblaah,(6) all those parts of the body which are necessary to be covered must be covered and (7) dead body should be in front of the Imaam.